Etymology
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composition (n.)

late 14c., composicioun, "action of combining," also "manner in which a thing is composed," from Old French composicion (13c., Modern French composition) "composition, make-up, literary work, agreement, settlement," and directly from Latin compositionem (nominative compositio) "a putting together, connecting, arranging," noun of action from past participle stem of componere "to put together, to collect a whole from several parts," from com "with, together" (see com-) + ponere "to place" (past participle positus; see position (n.)).

Meaning "art of constructing sentences" is from 1550s; that of "literary production, that which results from composing" (often also "writing exercise for students") is from c. 1600. Meaning "orderly disposition" is from 1590s. Printing sense "the setting of type" is from 1832; meaning "arrangement of parts in a picture" is from 1706.

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Definitions of composition

composition (n.)
the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole;
harmonious composition is essential in a serious work of art
Synonyms: composing
composition (n.)
the way in which someone or something is composed;
Synonyms: constitution / physical composition / makeup / make-up
composition (n.)
a mixture of ingredients;
composition (n.)
a musical work that has been created;
the composition is written in four movements
Synonyms: musical composition / opus / piece / piece of music
composition (n.)
musical creation;
Synonyms: composing
composition (n.)
the act of creating written works;
Synonyms: writing / authorship / penning
composition (n.)
art and technique of printing with movable type;
Synonyms: typography
composition (n.)
an essay (especially one written as an assignment);
he got an A on his composition
Synonyms: paper / report / theme
composition (n.)
something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole;
he envied the composition of their faculty
From wordnet.princeton.edu