Etymology
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complaint (n.)

late 14c., "lamentation, expression of grief," also "grief, sorrow, anguish" itself; also "expression of dissatisfaction or disapproval; statement of grievances, formal accusation; a plaintive poem," from Old French complainte (12c.) "complaint, lament," noun use of fem. past participle of complaindre "to lament" (see complain). Meaning "that which is complained of" is from 1745; specific meaning "bodily ailment, cause of pain or uneasiness" is from 1705 (often in U.S. colloquial use generalized as complaints).

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Definitions of complaint

complaint (n.)
an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining;
Synonyms: ailment / ill
complaint (n.)
(formerly) a loud cry (or repeated cries) of pain or rage or sorrow;
complaint (n.)
an expression of grievance or resentment;
complaint (n.)
(civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based;
complaint (n.)
(criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense;
Synonyms: charge
From wordnet.princeton.edu