Etymology
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Words related to colored

color (v.)

late 14c., colouren, "to make (something) a certain color, to give or apply color to," also figurative "to use (words) to a certain effect; to make (something) appear different from reality or better than it is," from Old French culurer, colorer, and directly from Latin colorare, from color (see color (n.)). Intransitive sense "become red in the face" is from 1721. Related: Colored; coloring.

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multicolored (adj.)

also multi-colored, multi-coloured, "having many or various colors," 1819, from multi- "many" + colored. Late Latin had multicolorus "many-colored."

rose-colored (adj.)

also rose-coloured, 1520s, "having a pink or light crimson color," from rose (n.1) + colored.

The meaning "characterized by cheerful optimism" is perhaps on the notion of something uncommonly beautiful. In early use it often was applied to the mist or light that superficially brightened circumstances, and perhaps the earliest appearance of it in English is in the figurative phrase rose-colored spectacles, attested by 1830. The noun phrase rose-color meaning "a pleasant outlook" is said to be from or based on French couleur de rose (itself used in English poetry by 1831). Rosy is by 1775 in the secondary sense of "cheerful." There is a nonce use of rose-colourist for a cheerful optimist from 1852.

varicolored (adj.)
"diversified in color, motley," also vari-colored, 1660s, from Latin varius (see vary) + English colored (adj.).