colonization (n.)

"act or process of colonizing; state of being a colony," 1758, noun of action from colonize. In U.S. history, the movement for assisted emigration of free blacks to Africa for the formation of colonies there; the American Colonization Society organized in December 1816. Hence colonizationist, one who favors colonization of emancipated slaves and free blacks to some other place (1831).

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