Etymology
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closure (n.)

late 14c., "a barrier, a fence," from Old French closure "enclosure; that which encloses, fastening, hedge, wall, fence," also closture "barrier, division; enclosure, hedge, fence, wall" (12c., Modern French clôture), from Late Latin clausura "lock, fortress, a closing" (source of Italian chiusura), from past participle stem of Latin claudere "to close" (see close (v.)).

Sense of "act of closing, a bringing to a close" is from early 15c. In legislation, especially "closing or stopping of debate" (compare cloture). Sense of "tendency to create ordered and satisfying wholes" is 1924, from Gestalt psychology.

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Definitions of closure
1
closure (n.)
approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap;
Synonyms: closing
closure (n.)
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body;
Synonyms: cloture / gag rule / gag law
closure (n.)
a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric;
Synonyms: law of closure
closure (n.)
something settled or resolved; the outcome of decision making;
he needed to grieve before he could achieve a sense of closure
Synonyms: settlement / resolution
closure (n.)
an obstruction in a pipe or tube;
Synonyms: blockage / block / occlusion / stop / stoppage
closure (n.)
the act of blocking;
Synonyms: blockage / occlusion
closure (n.)
termination of operations;
they regretted the closure of the day care center
Synonyms: closedown / closing / shutdown
2
closure (v.)
terminate debate by calling for a vote;
debate was closured
Synonyms: cloture
From wordnet.princeton.edu