Etymology
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claw (n.)

"sharp, hooked, horny end of the limb of a mammal, bird, reptile, etc.," Old English clawu, earlier clea, "claw, talon, iron hook," from Proto-Germanic *klawo (source also of Old Frisian klawe "claw, hoe," Middle Dutch klouwe, Dutch klauw, Old High German klawa, German Klaue "claw").

Claw-foot in reference to carved furniture legs is from 1823; claw-and-ball attested from 1893. Claw-hammer, one having one end divided into two claws, is attested from 1769.

claw (v.)

Old English clawian "to scratch, claw," from the same root as claw (n.). Related: Clawed; clawing. Compare Dutch klaauwen, Old High German klawan, German klauen.

To claw back"regain by great effort" is from 1953; as a noun, an act of this, from 1969. Earlier clawback (n.) meant "one who fawns on another, a sycophant" (1540s), from phrase claw the back "flatter, curry favor" (late 14c.); compare the more recent expression scratch (someone's) back in a similar sense.

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Definitions of claw
1
claw (v.)
move as if by clawing, seizing, or digging;
They clawed their way to the top of the mountain
claw (v.)
clutch as if in panic;
She clawed the doorknob
claw (v.)
scratch, scrape, pull, or dig with claws or nails;
claw (v.)
attack as if with claws;
The politician clawed his rival
2
claw (n.)
sharp curved horny process on the toe of a bird or some mammals or reptiles;
claw (n.)
a mechanical device that is curved or bent to suspend or hold or pull something;
Synonyms: hook
claw (n.)
a grasping structure on the limb of a crustacean or other arthropods;
Synonyms: chela / nipper / pincer
claw (n.)
a bird's foot;
From wordnet.princeton.edu