Etymology
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clapboard (n.)

1520s, partial translation of Middle Dutch klapholt (borrowed into English late 14c. as clapholt), from klappen "to fit" + Low German holt "wood, board" (see holt). Compare German Klappholz.

Originally small boards of split oak imported from northern Germany and cut by coopers to make barrel staves; the meaning "long, thin board, usually about 6 or 8 inches wide, used for roofing or to cover the exterior of wooden buildings" is from 1630s, American English.

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Definitions of clapboard
1
clapboard (v.)
cover with clapboards;
2
clapboard (n.)
a long thin board with one edge thicker than the other; used as siding by lapping one board over the board below;
Synonyms: weatherboard / weatherboarding
From wordnet.princeton.edu