Etymology
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claimant (n.)

"one who demands anything as a right," 1747, from claim (v.), on model of appellant, defendant, etc., or from French noun use of present participle of clamer.

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Definitions of claimant

claimant (n.)
someone who claims a benefit or right or title;
claimants of unemployment compensation
he was a claimant to the throne
From wordnet.princeton.edu