Etymology
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civil service (n.)

"the executive branch of the public service," as distinguished from the military, naval, legislative, or judicial, 1765, originally in reference to non-military staff of the East India Company, from civil in the sense "not military." Civil servant is from 1792.

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Definitions of civil service

civil service (n.)
government workers; usually hired on the basis of competitive examinations;
From wordnet.princeton.edu