Etymology
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citation (n.)

c. 1300, "summons, written notice to appear," from Old French citation or directly from Latin citationem (nominative citatio) "a command," noun of action from past participle stem of citare "to summon, urge, call; put in sudden motion, call forward; rouse, excite" (see cite).

Meaning "passage cited, quotation" is from 1540s; meaning "act of citing or quoting a passage from a book, etc." is from 1650s; in law, especially "a reference to decided cases or statutes." From 1918 as "a mention in an official dispatch."

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Definitions of citation
1
citation (n.)
an official award (as for bravery or service) usually given as formal public statement;
Synonyms: commendation
citation (n.)
(law) the act of citing (as of spoken words or written passages or legal precedents etc.);
citation (n.)
a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage;
the student's essay failed to list several important citations
citation (n.)
a passage or expression that is quoted or cited;
Synonyms: quotation / quote
citation (n.)
a summons that commands the appearance of a party at a proceeding;
2
Citation (n.)
thoroughbred that won the triple crown in 1948;
From wordnet.princeton.edu