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circle (n.)

c. 1300, "figure of a circle, a plane figure whose periphery is everywhere equidistant from its center point," from Old French cercle "circle, ring (for the finger); hoop of a helmet or barrel" (12c.), from Latin circulus "circular figure; small ring, hoop; circular orbit" (also source of Italian cerchio), diminutive of circus "ring" (see circus).

Replaced Old English trendel and hring. Late Old English used circul, from Latin, but only in an astronomical sense. Also used of things felt to be analogous to a circle: The meaning "group of persons surrounding a center of interest" is from 1714 (it also was a secondary sense of Latin circulus); that of "coterie" is from 1640s (a sense also found in Latin circulus).

To come full circle is in Shakespeare. Sense in logic, "inconclusive argument in which unproved statements are used to prove each other" is from 1640s. Meaning "dark mark around or beneath the eyes" is from 1848.

circle (v.)

late 14c., cerclen, "to shape like a globe," also "to encompass or surround with a circle," from circle (n.). From c. 1400 as "to set in a circular pattern;" mid-15c. as "to move round in a circle." Related: Circled; circling. To circle the wagons, figuratively, "assume an alert defensive stance" is from 1969, from old Western movies.

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Definitions of circle from WordNet
1
circle (n.)
ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length; a plane curve generated by one point moving at a constant distance from a fixed point;
he calculated the circumference of the circle
circle (n.)
an unofficial association of people or groups;
Synonyms: set / band / lot
circle (n.)
something approximating the shape of a circle;
the chairs were arranged in a circle
circle (n.)
movement once around a course;
Synonyms: lap / circuit
circle (n.)
a road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island;
Synonyms: traffic circle / rotary / roundabout
circle (n.)
street names for flunitrazepan;
Synonyms: R-" / Mexican valium / rophy / rope / roofy / roach / forget me drug
circle (n.)
a curved section or tier of seats in a hall or theater or opera house; usually the first tier above the orchestra;
they had excellent seats in the dress circle
Synonyms: dress circle
circle (n.)
any circular or rotating mechanism;
the machine punched out metal circles
Synonyms: round
2
circle (v.)
travel around something;
circle the globe
circle (v.)
move in a circular path above (someone or something);
the plane circled, looking for a landing spot
circle (v.)
form or draw a circle around;
Synonyms: encircle
From wordnet.princeton.edu