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choke (v.)

c. 1300, transitive, "to stop the breath by preventing air from entering the windpipe;" late 14c., "to make to suffocate, deprive of the power of drawing breath," of persons as well as swallowed objects; a shortening of acheken (c. 1200), from Old English aceocian "to choke, suffocate," probably from root of ceoke "jaw, cheek" (see cheek (n.)), with intensive a-.

Intransitive sense from c. 1400. Meaning "gasp for breath" is from early 15c. Figurative use from c. 1400, in early use often with reference to weeds stifling the growth of useful plants (a Biblical image). Meaning "to fail in the clutch" is attested by 1976, American English. Related: Choked; choking.

The North American choke-cherry (1785) supposedly was so called for its astringent qualities: compare choke-apple "crab-apple" (1610s); and choke-pear (1530s) "kind of pear with an astringent taste" (also with a figurative sense, defined by Johnson as "Any aspersion or sarcasm, by which another person is put to silence)." Choked up "overcome with emotion and unable to speak" is attested by 1896. The baseball batting sense is by 1907.

choke (n.)

1560s, "quinsy," from choke (v.). Meaning "action of choking" is from 1839. Meaning "valve which controls air to a carburetor" first recorded 1926; earlier it meant "constriction in the bore of a gun" (1875).

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Definitions of choke from WordNet
1
choke (v.)
breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion;
She choked with emotion when she spoke about her deceased husband
choke (v.)
be too tight; rub or press;
Synonyms: gag / fret
choke (v.)
wring the neck of;
The man choked his opponent
Synonyms: scrag
choke (v.)
constrict (someone's) throat and keep from breathing;
Synonyms: strangle
choke (v.)
struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake;
Synonyms: gag / strangle / suffocate
choke (v.)
fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation;
The team should have won hands down but choked, disappointing the coach and the audience
choke (v.)
check or slow down the action or effect of;
She choked her anger
choke (v.)
become or cause to become obstructed;
Synonyms: clog / choke off / clog up / back up / congest / foul
choke (v.)
impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of;
Synonyms: suffocate / stifle / asphyxiate
choke (v.)
become stultified, suppressed, or stifled;
Synonyms: suffocate
choke (v.)
suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of;
Synonyms: suffocate
choke (v.)
pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life;
Synonyms: die / decease / perish / go / exit / pass away / expire / pass / kick the bucket / cash in one's chips / buy the farm / conk / give-up the ghost / drop dead / pop off / croak / snuff it
choke (v.)
reduce the air supply;
choke a carburetor
Synonyms: throttle
choke (v.)
cause to retch or choke;
Synonyms: gag
2
choke (n.)
a coil of low resistance and high inductance used in electrical circuits to pass direct current and attenuate alternating current;
Synonyms: choke coil / choking coil
choke (n.)
a valve that controls the flow of air into the carburetor of a gasoline engine;
From wordnet.princeton.edu