Etymology
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chlamydia (n.)

type of genital infection, 1984, from the name of the bacteria that causes it (1966), which is formed from a Latinized combining form of Greek khlamys (genitive khlamydos) "short mantle, upper garment for men, military cloak," which is of unknown origin, + abstract noun ending -ia. Said to be so called due to its ability to "cloak" the nuclei of infected cells. Related: chlamydial.

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Definitions of chlamydia

chlamydia (n.)
a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia;
chlamydia (n.)
coccoid rickettsia infesting birds and mammals; cause infections of eyes and lungs and genitourinary tract;
From wordnet.princeton.edu