Etymology
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chicane (n.)

a word used in English in various senses, including "act of chicanery, art of gaining advantage by using evasions or cheating tricks" (1670s), also "obstacles on a roadway" (1955), also a term in bridge (1880s), apparently all ultimately from an archaic verb chicane "to trick" (1670s), from French chicane "trickery" (16c.), from chicaner "to pettifog, quibble" (15c., see chicanery).

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Definitions of chicane
1
chicane (n.)
a bridge hand that is void of trumps;
chicane (n.)
a movable barrier used in motor racing; sometimes placed before a dangerous corner to reduce speed as cars pass in single file;
chicane (n.)
the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them);
2
chicane (v.)
defeat someone through trickery or deceit;
Synonyms: cheat / chouse / shaft / screw / jockey
chicane (v.)
raise trivial objections;
Synonyms: cavil / carp
From wordnet.princeton.edu