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chest (n.)

Old English cest "box, coffer, casket," usually large and with a hinged lid, from Proto-Germanic *kista (source also of Old Norse and Old High German kista, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch, German kiste, Dutch kist), an early borrowing from Latin cista "chest, box," from Greek kistē "a box, basket," from PIE *kista "woven container" (Beekes compares Middle Irish cess "basket, causeway of wickerwork, bee-hive," Old Welsh cest).

The meaning of the English word was extended to "thorax, trunk of the body from the neck to the diaphragm" c. 1400, replacing breast (n.) in that sense, on the metaphor of the ribs as a "box" for the heart. Meaning "place where public money is kept (common chest, mid-15c.) was extended to "public funds" (1580s). Chest of drawers is from 1670s.

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Definitions of chest from WordNet

chest (n.)
the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates;
Synonyms: thorax / pectus
chest (n.)
box with a lid; used for storage; usually large and sturdy;
chest (n.)
the front of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;
Synonyms: breast
chest (n.)
furniture with drawers for keeping clothes;
Synonyms: chest of drawers / bureau / dresser
From wordnet.princeton.edu