1863, from French chauviniste, from Chauvin (see chauvinism) + -ist. Related: Chauvinistic (1870).
The Chauvinist is a man who can only express his patriotic feelings in terms of hatred to other countries. There are still to be found in France certain people who can only show the excellence of French institutions by exhibiting the wickedness of the English. ["The Home and Foreign Review," October 1863]