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chartreuse (n.)

esteemed type of liqueur, 1866, from la Grande-Chartreuse, chief monastery of the Carthusian order, which was founded 11c. and named for the massif de la Chartreuse (Medieval Latin Carthusianus) mountain group in the French Alps, where its first monastery was built. The liqueur recipe dates from early 17c.; the original now is marketed as Les Pères Chartreux. The color name (1884) is from the pale apple-green hue of the best type of the liqueur.

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Definitions of chartreuse from WordNet
1
chartreuse (n.)
a shade of green tinged with yellow;
Synonyms: yellow green / yellowish green / Paris green / pea green
2
chartreuse (adj.)
of something having the yellowish green color of Chartreuse liqueur;
3
Chartreuse (n.)
aromatic green or yellow liqueur flavored with orange peel and hyssop and peppermint oils; made at monastery near Grenoble, France;
From wordnet.princeton.edu