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charm (n.)

c. 1300, "incantation, magic charm," from Old French charme (12c.) "magic charm, magic spell incantation; song, lamentation," from Latin carmen "song, verse, enchantment, religious formula," from canere "to sing" (from PIE root *kan- "to sing"), with dissimilation of -n- to -r- before -m- in intermediate form *canmen (for a similar evolution, see Latin germen "germ," from *genmen). The notion is of chanting or reciting verses of magical power.

A yet stronger power than that of herb or stone lies in the spoken word, and all nations use it both for blessing and cursing. But these, to be effective, must be choice, well knit, rhythmic words (verba concepta), must have lilt and tune; hence all that is strong in the speech wielded by priest, physician, magician, is allied to the forms of poetry. [Jakob Grimm, "Teutonic Mythology" (transl. Stallybrass), 1883] 

Sense of "pleasing quality, irresistable power to please and attract" evolved by 17c. From 1590s as "any item worn to avert evil;" meaning "small trinket fastened to a watch-chain, etc." first recorded 1865. Quantum physics sense is from 1964. Charm-bracelet is from 1941; charm-school from 1919. To work like a charm (figuratively) is recorded by 1824.

charm (v.)

c. 1300, "to recite or cast a magic spell," from Old French charmer (13c.) "to enchant, to fill (someone) with desire (for something); to protect, cure, treat; to maltreat, harm," from Late Latin carminare, from Latin carmen "song, verse, enchantment, religious formula" (see charm (n.)). In Old French used alike of magical and non-magical activity. In English, "to win over by treating pleasingly, delight" from mid-15c.; weaker sense of "be highly pleasing" is by early 18c. Charmed (short for I am charmed) as a conventional reply to a greeting or meeting is attested by 1825.

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Definitions of charm
1
charm (v.)
attract; cause to be enamored;
charm (v.)
control by magic spells, as by practicing witchcraft;
Synonyms: becharm
charm (v.)
protect through supernatural powers or charms;
charm (v.)
induce into action by using one's charm;
She charmed him into giving her all his money
Synonyms: influence / tempt
2
charm (n.)
attractiveness that interests or pleases or stimulates;
Synonyms: appeal / appealingness
charm (n.)
a verbal formula believed to have magical force;
inscribed around its base is a charm in Balinese
Synonyms: spell / magic spell / magical spell
charm (n.)
something believed to bring good luck;
Synonyms: good luck charm
charm (n.)
(physics) one of the six flavors of quark;
From wordnet.princeton.edu