Etymology
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chafe (v.)

c. 1300, chaufen, "be provoked, grow or be excited;" late 14c. in literal sense "to make warm, to heat" (also intransitive, "to grow warm or hot"), especially (early 15c.) "to warm by rubbing, excite heat by friction," from Old French chaufer "heat, warm up, become warm" (12c., Modern French chauffer), from Vulgar Latin *calefare, from Latin calefacere "to make hot, make warm," from calere "be warm" (from PIE root *kele- (1) "warm") + facere "to make, do" (from PIE root *dhe- "to set, put").

From 1520s as "abrade the skin by rubbing." Figurative senses from late 14c. include now-obsolete "kindle (joy), inspire, make passionate" as well as "provoke, vex, anger." Related: Chafed; chafing. Chafing-dish is from late 15c.

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Definitions of chafe
1
chafe (v.)
become or make sore by or as if by rubbing;
Synonyms: gall / fret
chafe (v.)
feel extreme irritation or anger;
chafe (v.)
cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations;
Synonyms: annoy / rag / get to / bother / get at / irritate / rile / nark / nettle / gravel / vex / devil
chafe (v.)
tear or wear off the skin or make sore by abrading;
This leash chafes the dog's neck
Synonyms: excoriate
chafe (v.)
cause friction;
Synonyms: rub / fray / fret / scratch
chafe (v.)
warm by rubbing, as with the hands;
2
chafe (n.)
soreness and warmth caused by friction;
he had a nasty chafe on his knee
chafe (n.)
anger produced by some annoying irritation;
Synonyms: annoyance / vexation
From wordnet.princeton.edu