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censor (n.)

1530s, "Roman magistrate of 5c. B.C.E. who took censuses and oversaw public manners and morals," from French censor and directly from Latin censor, from censere "to appraise, value, judge," from PIE root *kens- "speak solemnly, proclaim" (source also of Sanskrit amsati "recites, praises," asa "song of praise").

They also had charge of public finances and public works. Transferred sense of "officious judge of morals and conduct" in English is from 1590s. Latin censor also had a transferred sense of "a severe judge; a rigid moralist; a censurer."

From 1640s as "official empowered to examine books, plays (later films, etc.) to see they are free of anything immoral or heretical." By the early decades of the 19c. the meaning of the English word had concentrated into "state agent charged with suppression of speech or published matter deemed politically subversive." Related: Censorial; censorian.

censor (v.)

1833, "to act as a censor (of news or public media); from censor (n.). Related: Censored; censoring.

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Definitions of censor from WordNet
1
censor (v.)
forbid the public distribution of ( a movie or a newspaper);
Synonyms: ban
censor (v.)
subject to political, religious, or moral censorship;
This magazine is censored by the government
2
censor (n.)
someone who censures or condemns;
censor (n.)
a person who is authorized to read publications or correspondence or to watch theatrical performances and suppress in whole or in part anything considered obscene or politically unacceptable;
From wordnet.princeton.edu