Etymology
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celibate (n.)

1610s, "state of celibacy" (especially as mandated to clergy in the Catholic church) from French célibat (16c.), from Latin caelibatus "state of being unmarried" (see celibacy). This was the only sense until early 19c.; the meaning "one who is sworn to celibacy" is from 1838. Other nouns in this sense were celibatarian, celibatist, celibian.

celibate (adj.)

"unmarried, sworn to remain single," 1825, probably from celibate (n.) or from celibacy on the model of privacy/private, etc.

updated on October 25, 2017

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Definitions of celibate from WordNet
1
celibate (n.)
an unmarried person who has taken a religious vow of chastity;
2
celibate (adj.)
abstaining from sexual intercourse;
celibate priests
Synonyms: continent
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.