Etymology
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cause (n.)

c. 1200, "reason or motive for a decision, grounds for action; motive," from Old French cause "cause, reason; lawsuit, case in law" (12c.), and directly from Latin causa "a cause; a reason; interest; judicial process, lawsuit," which is of unknown origin.

From mid-14c. as "cause of an effect; source, origin." From late 14c. as "that which affords opportunity for a cause to operate, occasion;" also "reason for something taking place or for something being so; rational explanation." Also late 14c. as "proper or adequate reason, justification for an action." Sense of "matter of interest or concern; a side taken in controversy" is from c. 1300. Cause célèbre "celebrated legal case" is 1763, from French. Common cause "a shared object or aim" is by 1620s.

cause (v.)

late 14c., "produce an effect," also "impel, compel," from Old French causer "to cause" (13c.) and directly from Medieval Latin causare, from Latin causa "a cause; a reason; interest; judicial process, lawsuit," which is of unknown origin. Related: Caused; causing. Classical Latin causari meant "to plead, to debate a question."

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Definitions of cause
1
cause (n.)
events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something;
they are trying to determine the cause of the crash
cause (n.)
a justification for something existing or happening;
he had no cause to complain
Synonyms: reason / grounds
cause (n.)
a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;
they worked in the cause of world peace
Synonyms: campaign / crusade / drive / movement / effort
cause (n.)
any entity that produces an effect or is responsible for events or results;
Synonyms: causal agent / causal agency
cause (n.)
a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy;
Synonyms: lawsuit / suit / case / causa
2
cause (v.)
give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally;
cause an accident
cause a commotion
Synonyms: do / make
cause (v.)
cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner;
Synonyms: induce / stimulate / have / make
From wordnet.princeton.edu