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cast (v.)

c. 1200, "to throw, throw violently, fling, hurl," from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse kasta "to throw" (cognate with Swedish kasta, Danish kaste, North Frisian kastin), of uncertain origin. Meaning "to form in a mold" is late 15c. In the sense of "to throw" it replaced Old English weorpan (see warp (v.)), and itself largely has been superseded now by throw, though cast still is used of fishing lines (17c.) and glances (13c.).

From c. 1300 as "emit, give out;" also "throw to the ground;" also "shed or throw off;" also "calculate, find by reckoning; chart (a course)." From late 14c. as "to calculate astrologically." From late 15c. as "bring forth abortively or prematurely." From 1711 as "distribute the parts (of a play) among the actors." Of votes from 1840, American English. To cast up is from 1530s as "compute, reckon," late 15c. as "eject, vomit."

cast (n.)

mid-13c., "a throw, an act of throwing," from cast (v.). In early use especially of dice, hence figurative uses relating to fortune or fate. Meaning "that which is cast" is from mid-15c. Meaning "dash or shade of color" is from c. 1600.

The sense of "a throw" carried an idea of "the form the thing takes after it has been thrown," which led to widespread and varied meanings, such as "group of actors in a play" (1630s). OED finds 42 distinct noun meaning and 83 verbal ones, with many sub-definitions. Many of the figurative senses converged in a general meaning "sort, kind, style" (mid-17c.). Meaning "model made from taking an impression of an object" is from c. 1500. A cast in the eye "slight squint" (early 14c.) preserves the older verbal sense of "warp, turn," via the notion of "permanent motion or turn." As "plaster molded around an injured or diseased part," by 1883.

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Definitions of cast
1
cast (v.)
put or send forth;
cast a warm light
cast a spell
Synonyms: project / contrive / throw
cast (v.)
deposit;
cast a ballot
cast a vote
cast (v.)
select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet;
He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona
cast (v.)
throw forcefully;
Synonyms: hurl / hurtle
cast (v.)
assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors;
Who cast this beautiful movie?
cast (v.)
move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment;
Synonyms: roll / wander / swan / stray / tramp / roam / ramble / rove / range / drift / vagabond
cast (v.)
form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold;
cast a bronze sculpture
Synonyms: mold / mould
cast (v.)
get rid of;
Synonyms: shed / cast off / shake off / throw / throw off / throw away / drop
cast (v.)
choose at random;
cast lots
Synonyms: draw
cast (v.)
formulate in a particular style or language;
She cast her request in very polite language
Synonyms: frame / redact / put / couch
cast (v.)
eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth;
Synonyms: vomit / vomit up / purge / sick / cat / be sick / disgorge / regorge / retch / puke / barf / spew / spue / chuck / upchuck / honk / regurgitate / throw up
2
cast (n.)
the actors in a play;
Synonyms: cast of characters / dramatis personae
cast (n.)
container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens;
Synonyms: mold / mould
cast (n.)
the distinctive form in which a thing is made;
pottery of this cast was found throughout the region
Synonyms: mold / mould / stamp
cast (n.)
the visual appearance of something or someone;
the delicate cast of his features
Synonyms: form / shape
cast (n.)
bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal;
Synonyms: plaster cast / plaster bandage
cast (n.)
object formed by a mold;
Synonyms: casting
cast (n.)
the act of throwing dice;
Synonyms: roll
cast (n.)
the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel;
Synonyms: casting
cast (n.)
a violent throw;
Synonyms: hurl
From wordnet.princeton.edu