Etymology
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cartridge (n.)

1570s, cartage, "case of cardboard, tin, etc., holding a charge of gunpowder" (also with the bullet or shot in firearms), corruption of French cartouche "a full charge for a pistol," originally wrapped in paper (16c.), from Italian cartoccio "roll of paper," an augmentative form of Medieval Latin carta "paper" (see card (n.1)). The notion is of a roll of paper containing a charge for a firearm. The modern form of the English word is recorded from 1620s. Extended broadly 20c. to other small containers and their contents. Cartridge-belt is by 1832.

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Definitions of cartridge

cartridge (n.)
ammunition consisting of a cylindrical casing containing an explosive charge and a bullet; fired from a rifle or handgun;
cartridge (n.)
a light-tight supply chamber holding the film and supplying it for exposure as required;
Synonyms: magazine
cartridge (n.)
a module designed to be inserted into a larger piece of equipment;
he loaded a cartridge of fresh tape into the tape deck
cartridge (n.)
an electro-acoustic transducer that is the part of the arm of a record player that holds the needle and that is removable;
Synonyms: pickup
From wordnet.princeton.edu