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career (n.)

1530s, "a running (usually at full speed), a course" (especially of the sun, etc., across the sky), from French carriere "road, racecourse" (16c.), from Old Provençal or Italian carriera, from Vulgar Latin *(via) cararia "carriage (road), track for wheeled vehicles," from Latin carrus "chariot" (see car). Sense of "general course of action or movement" is from 1590s, hence "course of one's public or professional life" (1803).

career (v.)

1590s, "to charge at a tournament," from career (n.). The meaning "move rapidly, run at full speed" (1640s) is from the image of a horse "passing a career" on the jousting field, etc. Related: Careered; careering.

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Definitions of career from WordNet
1
career (n.)
the particular occupation for which you are trained;
Synonyms: calling / vocation
career (n.)
the general progression of your working or professional life;
he had a long career in the law
the general had had a distinguished career
Synonyms: life history
2
career (v.)
move headlong at high speed;
The mob careered through the streets
The cars careered down the road
From wordnet.princeton.edu