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cardoon (n.)

"artichoke-like plant of the Mediterranean lands," 1610s, from French cardon, from Provençal cardon, properly "thistle," from Late Latin cardonem (nominative cardo) "thistle," related to Latin carduus "thistle, artichoke," which is perhaps from PIE root *kars- "to scrape, scratch" (see harsh (adj.)).

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Definitions of cardoon from WordNet

cardoon (n.)
southern European plant having spiny leaves and purple flowers cultivated for its edible leafstalks and roots;
Synonyms: Cynara cardunculus
cardoon (n.)
only parts eaten are roots and especially stalks (blanched and used as celery); related to artichokes;
From wordnet.princeton.edu