Etymology
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carbonate (n.)

"compound formed by the union of carbonic acid with a base," 1794, from French carbonate "salt of carbonic acid" (Lavoisier), from Modern Latin carbonatem "a carbonated (substance)," from Latin carbo (see carbon).

carbonate (v.)

1805, "to form into a carbonate," from carbonate (n.) by influence of French carbonater "transform into a carbonate." Meaning "to impregnate with carbonic acid gas (i.e. carbon dioxide)" is from 1850s. Related: Carbonated; carbonating.

updated on October 09, 2017

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Definitions of carbonate from WordNet
1
carbonate (v.)
turn into a carbonate;
carbonate (v.)
treat with carbon dioxide;
2
carbonate (n.)
a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3);
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.