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capsule (n.)

"small case, natural or artificial," 1650s, from French capsule "a membranous sac" (16c.), from Latin capsula "small box or chest," diminutive of capsa "box, case, chest" (see case (n.2)). Medicinal sense is 1875; shortened form cap is from 1942. Sense in space capsule is first recorded 1954, perhaps from earlier sense "shell of a metallic cartridge" (1864). As an adjective from 1938. Related: Capsular.

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Definitions of capsule
1
capsule (n.)
a small container;
capsule (n.)
a pill in the form of a small rounded gelatinous container with medicine inside;
capsule (n.)
a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses;
capsule (n.)
a shortened version of a written work;
Synonyms: condensation / abridgement / abridgment
capsule (n.)
a structure that encloses a body part;
capsule (n.)
a spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life in outer space;
Synonyms: space capsule
capsule (n.)
a pilot's seat in an airplane that can be forcibly ejected in the case of an emergency; then the pilot descends by parachute;
Synonyms: ejection seat / ejector seat
2
capsule (v.)
enclose in a capsule;
Synonyms: capsulate / capsulize / capsulise
capsule (v.)
put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume;
From wordnet.princeton.edu