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capsicum (n.)

genus of pepper plants, of unknown origin, perhaps irregularly formed from Latin capsa "box" (see case (n.2)) based on the shape of the fruit. Adopted as a genus name through the writings of French botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708), but he did not explain the word. 

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Definitions of capsicum from WordNet
1
capsicum (n.)
any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers;
Synonyms: pepper / capsicum pepper plant
2
Capsicum (n.)
chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers;
Synonyms: genus Capsicum
From wordnet.princeton.edu