Etymology
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capsicum (n.)

the name given to the genus of pepper plants, but it is of unknown origin. Perhaps it is irregularly formed from Latin capsa "box" (see case (n.2)) based on the shape of the fruit. It was adopted as a genus name through the writings of French botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708), but he did not explain the word. 

updated on April 17, 2022

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Definitions of capsicum from WordNet
1
capsicum (n.)
any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers;
Synonyms: pepper / capsicum pepper plant
2
Capsicum (n.)
chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers;
Synonyms: genus Capsicum
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.