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canonical (adj.)

early 15c., "according to ecclesiastical law," from Medieval Latin canonicalis, from Late Latin canonicus "according to rule," in Church Latin, "pertaining to the canon" (see canon (n.1)). Earlier was canonial (early 13c.). General sense of "conformed or conforming to rule" is from 1560s. Meaning "of or belonging to the canon of Scripture" is from 1560s; hence "of admitted excellence" (1550s).

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Definitions of canonical from WordNet

canonical (adj.)
appearing in a biblical canon;
a canonical book of the Christian New Testament
Synonyms: canonic
canonical (adj.)
of or relating to or required by canon law;
Synonyms: canonic
canonical (adj.)
reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;
a canonical syllable pattern
Synonyms: basic / canonic
canonical (adj.)
conforming to orthodox or recognized rules; "the drinking of cocktails was as canonical a rite as the mixing"- Sinclair Lewis;
Synonyms: canonic / sanctioned
From wordnet.princeton.edu