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calque (n.)

"loan translation of a foreign word or phrase," 1937, from French calque, literally "a copy," from calquer "to trace by rubbing" (itself borrowed in English 1660s as calk "to copy by tracing"), a 16c. borrowing by French of Italian calcare, from Latin calcare "to tread, to press down."

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Definitions of calque

calque (n.)
an expression introduced into one language by translating it from another language;
`superman' is a calque for the German `Ubermensch'
Synonyms: calque formation / loan translation
From wordnet.princeton.edu