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caliph (n.)

late 14c., "ruler of a Muslim country," from Old French caliphe (12c., also algalife), from Medieval Latin califa, from Arabic khalifa "successor" (from khalafa "succeed"). Title given to the successor of Muhammad as leader of the community and defender of the faith; originally Abu-Bakr, who succeeded Muhammad in the role of leader of the faithful after the prophet's death.

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Definitions of caliph from WordNet

caliph (n.)
the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth;
Synonyms: calif / kaliph / kalif / khalif / khalifah
From wordnet.princeton.edu