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cage (n.)

"box-like receptacle or enclosure, with open spaces, made of wires, reeds, etc.," typically for confining domesticated birds or wild beasts, c. 1200, from Old French cage "cage, prison; retreat, hideout" (12c.), from Latin cavea "hollow place, enclosure for animals, coop, hive, stall, dungeon, spectators' seats in the theater" (source also of Italian gabbia "basket for fowls, coop;" see cave (n.)). From c. 1300 in English as "a cage for prisoners, jail, prison, a cell."

cage (v.)

"to confine in a cage, to shut up or confine," 1570s, from cage (n.). Related: Caged; caging.

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Definitions of cage from WordNet
1
cage (n.)
an enclosure made or wire or metal bars in which birds or animals can be kept;
Synonyms: coop
cage (n.)
something that restricts freedom as a cage restricts movement;
cage (n.)
the net that is the goal in ice hockey;
cage (n.)
a movable screen placed behind home base to catch balls during batting practice;
Synonyms: batting cage
2
cage (v.)
confine in a cage;
The animal was caged
Synonyms: cage in
3
Cage (n.)
United States composer of avant-garde music (1912-1992);
Synonyms: John Cage / John Milton Cage Jr.
From wordnet.princeton.edu