Etymology
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caftan (n.)

also kaftan, 1590s, "long tunic worn by men in Turkey, Egypt, etc.," from Turkish qaftan (also in Arabic), from Persian khaftan. A kind of long vest tied about the waist, with long sleeves. As a similar shirt or dress style worn fashionably in the West, it is attested from c. 1955.

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Definitions of caftan

caftan (n.)
a woman's dress style that imitates the caftan cloaks worn by men in the Near East;
Synonyms: kaftan
caftan (n.)
a (cotton or silk) cloak with full sleeves and sash reaching down to the ankles; worn by men in the Levant;
Synonyms: kaftan
From wordnet.princeton.edu