"Jewish mystic philosophy," 1520s, also quabbalah, etc., from Medieval Latin cabbala, from Mishnaic Hebrew qabbalah "reception, received lore, tradition," especially "tradition of mystical interpretation of the Old Testament," from qibbel "to receive, admit, accept." Compare Arabic qabala "he received, accepted." Hence "any secret or esoteric science." Related: Cabbalist.
<a href="https://www.etymonline.com/word/cabala">Etymology of cabala by etymonline</a>
Harper, D. (n.d.). Etymology of cabala. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved $(datetime), from https://www.etymonline.com/word/cabala