Etymology
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bust (n.1)

1690s, "sculpture of upper torso and head," from French buste (16c.), from Italian busto "upper body," from Latin bustum "funeral monument, tomb," originally "funeral pyre, place where corpses are burned," perhaps shortened from ambustum, neuter of ambustus "burned around," past participle of amburere "burn around, scorch," from ambi- "around" + urere "to burn." Or perhaps from Old Latin boro, the early form of classical Latin uro "to burn." The sense development in Italian probably is from the Etruscan custom of keeping the ashes of the dead in an urn shaped like the person when alive.

From 1727 as "trunk of the human body above the waist." Meaning "bosom, measurement around a woman's body at the level of her breasts" is by 1884.

bust (n.2)

variant of burst (n.), 1764, American English. For loss of -r-, compare ass (n.2). Originally "frolic, spree;" sense of "sudden failure" is from 1842. Meaning "police raid or arrest" is from 1938. Phrase ______ or bust as an emphatic expression attested by 1851 in British depictions of Western U.S. dialect. Probably from earlier expression bust (one's) boiler, by late 1840s, a reference to steamboat boilers exploding when driven too hard.

bust (v.)

"to burst," 1806, variant of burst (v.); for loss of -r-, compare ass (n.2). Meaning "go bankrupt" is from 1834. Meaning "break (into)" is from 1859. The slang meaning "demote" (especially in a military sense) is from 1918; that of "place under arrest" is from 1953 (earlier "to raid" from Prohibition). In card games, "to go over a score of 21," from 1939. Related: Busted; busting.

updated on September 05, 2017

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Definitions of bust from WordNet
1
bust (v.)
ruin completely;
He busted my radio!
Synonyms: break
bust (v.)
search without warning, make a sudden surprise attack on;
Synonyms: raid
bust (v.)
separate or cause to separate abruptly;
Synonyms: tear / rupture / snap
bust (v.)
go to pieces;
Synonyms: break / wear / wear out / fall apart
bust (v.)
break open or apart suddenly and forcefully;
Synonyms: burst
2
bust (n.)
a complete failure;
Synonyms: flop / fizzle
bust (n.)
the chest of a woman;
Synonyms: female chest
bust (n.)
a sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person;
bust (n.)
an occasion for excessive eating or drinking;
they went on a bust that lasted three days
Synonyms: tear / binge / bout
3
bust (adj.)
lacking funds;
Synonyms: broke / skint / stone-broke / stony-broke
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.