Etymology
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burning (adj.)

Old English, "scorching, hot;" mid-14c. in figurative sense "powerful, strong, ardent;" present-participle adjective from burn (v.)). Meaning "causing excitement" is by 1865, the sense in Burning question (1865), which matches French question brûlante, German brennende Frage. Burning bush is from Exodus iii.2. It was adopted as an emblem by Scottish Presbyterian churches in memory of the 17c. persecutions. Burning-glass is attested from 1560s.

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Definitions of burning
1
burning (n.)
the act of burning something;
the burning of leaves was prohibited by a town ordinance
Synonyms: combustion
burning (n.)
pain that feels hot as if it were on fire;
Synonyms: burn
burning (n.)
a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat and light;
Synonyms: combustion
burning (n.)
execution by electricity;
Synonyms: electrocution
burning (n.)
execution by fire;
Synonyms: burning at the stake
burning (n.)
a form of torture in which cigarettes or cigars or other hot implements are used to burn the victim's skin;
2
burning (adj.)
of immediate import;
burning issues of the day
From wordnet.princeton.edu