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build (v.)

Middle English bilden, from late Old English byldan "construct a house," verb form of bold "house," from Proto-Germanic *buthla- (source also of Old Saxon bodl, Old Frisian bodel "building, house"), from PIE *bhu- "to dwell," from root*bheue- "to be, exist, grow." Rare in Old English; in Middle English it won out over more common Old English timbran (see timber). Modern spelling is unexplained. Figurative use from mid-15c. Of physical things other than buildings from late 16c. Related: Builded (archaic); built; building.

In the United States, this verb is used with much more latitude than in England. There, as Fennimore Cooper puts it, everything is BUILT. The priest BUILDS up a flock; the speculator a fortune; the lawyer a reputation; the landlord a town; and the tailor, as in England, BUILDS up a suit of clothes. A fire is BUILT instead of made, and the expression is even extended to individuals, to be BUILT being used with the meaning of formed. [Farmer, "Slang and Its Analogues," 1890]

build (n.)

"style of construction," 1660s, from build (v.). Earlier in this sense was built (1610s). Meaning "physical construction and fitness of a person" attested by 1981. Earliest sense, now obsolete, was "a building" (early 14c.).

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Definitions of build
1
build (v.)
make by combining materials and parts;
Synonyms: construct / make
build (v.)
form or accumulate steadily;
Pressure is building up at the Indian-Pakistani border
Resistance to the manager's plan built up quickly
Synonyms: build up / work up / progress
build (v.)
build or establish something abstract;
build a reputation
Synonyms: establish
build (v.)
improve the cleansing action of;
build detergents
build (v.)
order, supervise, or finance the construction of;
The government is building new schools in this state
build (v.)
give form to, according to a plan;
build a million-dollar business
build a modern nation
build (v.)
be engaged in building;
These architects build in interesting and new styles
build (v.)
found or ground;
build a defense on nothing but the accused person's reputation
build (v.)
bolster or strengthen;
build up confidence
Synonyms: build up / work up / ramp up
build (v.)
develop and grow;
Suspense was building right from the beginning of the opera
2
build (n.)
constitution of the human body;
Synonyms: physique / body-build / habitus
build (n.)
alternative names for the body of a human being;
Synonyms: human body / physical body / material body / soma / figure / physique / anatomy / shape / bod / chassis / frame / form / flesh
From wordnet.princeton.edu