broil (v.1)

"to cook (meat) by direct action of heat," late 14c. (earlier "to burn," mid-14c.), from Old French bruller "to broil, roast" (Modern French brûler), earlier brusler "to burn" (11c.), which, with Italian bruciare, is of uncertain and much-disputed origin.

Perhaps from Vulgar Latin *brodum "broth," borrowed from Germanic and ultimately related to brew (v.). Gamillscheg proposes it to be from Latin ustulare "to scorch, singe" (from ustus, past participle of urere "to burn") and altered by influence of Germanic "burn" words beginning in br-. From 1610 as "to be very hot." Related: Broiled; broiling.

broil (v.2)

early 15c., "to quarrel, brawl," also "mix up, present in disorder," from Anglo-French broiller "mix up, confuse," Old French brooillier "to mix, mingle," figuratively "to have sexual intercourse" (13c., Modern French brouiller), perhaps from breu, bro "stock, broth, brew," from Frankish or another Germanic source (compare Old High German brod "broth"), from PIE root *bhreu- "to boil, bubble, effervesce, burn." Compare Italian brogliare "to stir, disorder" (see imbroglio).

broil (n.1)

"broiled meat," 1822, from broil (v.1).

broil (n.2)

"a confused disturbance, quarrel," 1520s, from broil (v.2).

updated on August 07, 2017

Definitions of broil from WordNet
broil (v.)
cook under a broiler;
broil fish
Synonyms: oven broil
broil (v.)
heat by a natural force;
The sun broils the valley in the summer
Synonyms: bake
broil (v.)
be very hot, due to hot weather or exposure to the sun;
The town was broiling in the sun
Synonyms: bake
broil (n.)
cooking by direct exposure to radiant heat (as over a fire or under a grill);
Synonyms: broiling / grilling
Etymologies are not definitions. From, not affiliated with etymonline.