Etymology
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brief (adj.)

c. 1300, bref, "of short duration;" early 14c., "small with respect to length, short;" from Latin brevis (adj.) "short, low, little, shallow," from PIE *mregh-wi-, from root *mregh-u- "short."

brief (n.)

early 14c., bref, "a writing issued by authority," from Latin breve (genitive brevis), noun derivative of adjective brevis "short, little" (from PIE root *mregh-u- "short") which came to mean "letter, summary," specifically a letter of the pope (less ample and solemn than a bull), and thus came to mean "letter of authority," which yielded the modern, legal sense of "systematic summary of the facts of a case" (1630s). Sense of "a short or concise writing" is from 1560s. In German, Brief has become the general word for "an epistle or letter."

brief (v.)

"to give instructions or information to," 1866; originally "to instruct by a brief" (1862), from brief (n.). Related: Briefed; briefing.

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Definitions of brief
1
brief (adj.)
of short duration or distance;
a brief stay in the country
brief (adj.)
concise and succinct;
covered the matter in a brief statement
brief (adj.)
(of clothing) very short;
a brief bikini
Synonyms: abbreviated
2
brief (n.)
a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case;
Synonyms: legal brief
brief (n.)
a condensed written summary or abstract;
3
brief (v.)
give essential information to someone;
The reporters were briefed about the President's plan to invade
From wordnet.princeton.edu