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bridle (n.)

"headpiece of a horse's harness," used to govern and restrain the animal, Old English bridel "a bridle, a restraint," related to bregdan "move quickly," from Proto-Germanic *bregdilaz (see braid (v.)). The etymological notion would be that which one "pulls quickly." Cognate with Old Frisian bridel, Middle Dutch breydel, Dutch breidel, Old High German bridel. A bridle-path (1806) is one wide enough to be traveled on horseback but not with a carriage.

bridle (v.)

"to control, dominate; restrain, guide, govern," c. 1200, a figurative use of Old English bridlian "to fit with a bridle," from bridel (see bridle (n.)). Meaning "to throw up the head" (as a horse does when reined in) is from mid-15c. Related: Bridled; bridling.

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Definitions of bridle from WordNet
1
bridle (v.)
anger or take offense;
She bridled at his suggestion to elope
bridle (v.)
put a bridle on;
bridle horses
bridle (v.)
respond to the reins, as of horses;
2
bridle (n.)
headgear for a horse; includes a headstall and bit and reins to give the rider or driver control;
bridle (n.)
the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess;
his common sense is a bridle to his quick temper
Synonyms: check / curb
From wordnet.princeton.edu