Etymology
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bridgehead (n.)

also bridge-head, 1801, "a fortification covering that end of a bridge which is most exposed to an enemy," from bridge (n.1) + head (n.). Compare French tête-de-pont. From 1930 as "advance point attained by a military force in the face of the enemy" (especially by invasion).

updated on August 09, 2017

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Definitions of bridgehead from WordNet

bridgehead (n.)
an area in hostile territory that has been captured and is held awaiting further troops and supplies;
an attempt to secure a bridgehead behind enemy lines
Synonyms: foothold
bridgehead (n.)
a defensive post at the end of a bridge nearest to the enemy;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.