Etymology
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bridge (n.1)

"any structure that affords passage over a ravine or river," Old English brycge, from Proto-Germanic *brugjo (source also of Old Saxon bruggia, Old Norse bryggja, Old Frisian brigge, Dutch brug, Old High German brucca, German Brücke), from PIE root *bhru "log, beam," hence "wooden causeway" (source also of Gaulish briva "bridge," Old Church Slavonic bruvuno "beam," Serbian brv "footbridge").

The original notion is of a beam or log. Compare Old Church Slavonic mostu, Serbo-Croatian most "bridge," probably originally "beam" and a loanword from Germanic, related to English mast (n.1). For vowel evolution, see bury. Meaning "bony upper part of the nose" is from early 15c.; of stringed instruments from late 14c. The bridge of a ship (by 1843) originally was a "narrow raised platform athwart the ship whence the Captain issues his orders" [Sir Geoffrey Callender, "Sea Passages"].

Bridge in steam-vessels is the connection between the paddle-boxes, from which the officer in charge directs the motion of the vessel. [Smyth, "The Sailor's Word-book," 1867]

bridge (n.2)

card game, 1886 (perhaps as early as 1843), an alteration of biritch, but the source and meaning of that are obscure. "Probably of Levantine origin, since some form of the game appears to have been long known in the Near East" [OED]. One guess is that it represents Turkish *bir-üç "one-three," because one hand is exposed and three are concealed. The game also was known early as Russian whist (attested in English from 1839).

bridge (v.)

"build a bridge on or over, span with a bridge," Old English brycgian "to bridge, make a causeway," from bridge (n.). Figurative use by 1831. Related: Bridged; bridging.

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Definitions of bridge
1
bridge (n.)
a structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as a river or canal or railway etc.;
Synonyms: span
bridge (n.)
a circuit consisting of two branches (4 arms arranged in a diamond configuration) across which a meter is connected;
Synonyms: bridge circuit
bridge (n.)
something resembling a bridge in form or function;
his letters provided a bridge across the centuries
bridge (n.)
the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose;
her glasses left marks on the bridge of her nose
bridge (n.)
any of various card games based on whist for four players;
bridge (n.)
a wooden support that holds the strings up;
bridge (n.)
a denture anchored to teeth on either side of missing teeth;
Synonyms: bridgework
bridge (n.)
the link between two lenses; rests on the nose;
Synonyms: nosepiece
bridge (n.)
an upper deck where a ship is steered and the captain stands;
Synonyms: bridge deck
2
bridge (v.)
connect or reduce the distance between;
Synonyms: bridge over
bridge (v.)
make a bridge across;
bridge a river
bridge (v.)
cross over on a bridge;
From wordnet.princeton.edu