Etymology
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brand (n.)

Old English brand, brond "fire, flame, destruction by fire; firebrand, piece of burning wood, torch," and (poetic) "sword," from Proto-Germanic *brandaz "a burning" (source also of Old Norse brandr, Old High German brant, Old Frisian brond "firebrand; blade of a sword," German brand "fire"), from PIE root *gwher- "to heat, warm."

Meaning "iron instrument for branding" is from 1828. Meaning "mark made by a hot iron" (1550s), especially on a cask, etc., to identify the maker or quality of its contents, broadened by 1827 to marks made in other ways, then to "a particular make of goods" (1854). Brand-name is from 1889; brand-loyalty from 1961. Old French brand, brant, Italian brando "sword" are from Germanic (compare brandish).

brand (v.)

c. 1400, "to impress or burn a mark upon with a hot iron, cauterize; stigmatize," originally of criminal marks or cauterized wounds, from brand (n.). Figuratively, often in a bad sense, "fix a character of infamy upon," mid-15c., with the criminal marking in mind. As a means of marking ownership or quality of property, 1580s. Related: Branded; branding.

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Definitions of brand
1
brand (n.)
a name given to a product or service;
Synonyms: trade name / brand name / marque
brand (n.)
a recognizable kind;
there's a new brand of hero in the movies now
Synonyms: make
brand (n.)
identification mark on skin, made by burning;
brand (n.)
a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning;
Synonyms: firebrand
brand (n.)
a symbol of disgrace or infamy; "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis;
Synonyms: mark / stigma / stain
brand (n.)
a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard;
Synonyms: sword / blade / steel
2
brand (v.)
burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals;
brand (v.)
to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful;
Synonyms: stigmatize / stigmatise / denounce / mark
brand (v.)
mark with a brand or trademark;
when this product is not branded it sells for a lower price
Synonyms: trademark / brandmark
brand (v.)
mark or expose as infamous;
She was branded a loose woman
Synonyms: post
From wordnet.princeton.edu