Etymology
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bracken (n.)

"coarse fern," c. 1300, a northern England word, probably from a Scandinavian source (compare Danish bregne, Swedish bräken "fern"), from Proto-Germanic *brak- "undergrowth, bushes," from PIE root *bhreg- "to break" on the notion of "that which impedes motion" [Watkins].

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Definitions of bracken

bracken (n.)
fern of southeastern Asia; not hardy in cold temperate regions;
Synonyms: Pteridium esculentum
bracken (n.)
large coarse fern often several feet high; essentially weed ferns; cosmopolitan;
Synonyms: pasture brake / brake / Pteridium aquilinum
From wordnet.princeton.edu