Etymology
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botany (n.)

"the science of plants," 1690s, from botanic. The -y is from astronomy, etc. Botany Bay in Australia so called by Capt. Cook (1770) on account of the great variety of plants found there; later it was a convict settlement (1778).

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Definitions of botany

botany (n.)
all the plant life in a particular region or period;
the botany of China
Synonyms: vegetation / flora
botany (n.)
the branch of biology that studies plants;
Synonyms: phytology
From wordnet.princeton.edu