Etymology
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Bologna

city in north-central Italy, famous during the Middle Ages for its university, 16c. for its painters, from Latin Bononia, which either represents Gaulish bona "foundation, fortress," or Boii, the name of the Gaulish people who occupied the region 4c. B.C.E. As a large type of sausage first made there, 1850, from bologna sausage (1590s). Also see baloney.

updated on November 11, 2017

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Definitions of Bologna from WordNet
1
bologna (n.)
large smooth-textured smoked sausage of beef and veal and pork;
Synonyms: Bologna sausage
2
Bologna (n.)
the capital of Emilia-Romagna; located in northern Italy to the east of the Apennines;
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.