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blast (n.)

Old English blæst "a blowing, a breeze, puff of wind," from Proto-Germanic *bles- (source also of Old Norse blastr, Old High German blast "a blowing, blast"), from PIE root *bhle- "to blow."

Meaning "explosion" is from 1630s; that of "noisy party, good time" is from 1953, American English slang. Sense of "strong current of air forced into a furnace to accelerate combustion for iron-smelting" (1690s) led to blast furnace (1706) and transferred American English sense in full blast "the extreme" (1836). Blast was the usual word for "a smoke of tobacco" c. 1600.

blast (v.)

Old English blæstan "to blow, belch forth," from Proto-Germanic *bles- (source also of German blasen, Gothic blesan "to blow"), from PIE root *bhle- "to blow." From 16c.-19c., often "to breathe on balefully, cause to wither, blight, prevent from blossoming or maturing." Meaning "to blow up by explosion" is from 1758. Related: Blasted; blasting.

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Definitions of blast from WordNet
1
blast (v.)
make a strident sound;
She tended to blast when speaking into a microphone
Synonyms: blare
blast (v.)
hit hard;
Synonyms: smash / nail / boom
blast (v.)
use explosives on;
Synonyms: shell
blast (v.)
apply a draft or strong wind to to;
the air conditioning was blasting cold air at us
blast (v.)
create by using explosives;
blast a passage through the mountain
Synonyms: shell
blast (v.)
make with or as if with an explosion;
blast a tunnel through the Alps
blast (v.)
fire a shot;
the gunman blasted away
Synonyms: shoot
blast (v.)
criticize harshly or violently;
Synonyms: savage / pillory / crucify
blast (v.)
shatter as if by explosion;
Synonyms: knock down
blast (v.)
shrivel or wither or mature imperfectly;
2
blast (n.)
a very long fly ball;
blast (n.)
a sudden very loud noise;
Synonyms: bang / clap / eruption / bam
blast (n.)
a strong current of air;
Synonyms: gust / blow
blast (n.)
an explosion (as of dynamite);
blast (n.)
a highly pleasurable or exciting experience;
celebrating after the game was a blast
Synonyms: good time
blast (n.)
intense adverse criticism;
Synonyms: fire / attack / flak / flack
From wordnet.princeton.edu