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birch (n.)

"hardy, slender northern forest tree noted for its white bark," Old English berc, beorc (also the name of the rune for "b"), from Proto-Germanic *berkjon (source also of Old Saxon birka, Old Norse börk, Danish birk, Swedish and Icelandic björk (which is also a girl's given name), Middle Dutch berke, Dutch berk, Old High German birihha, German Birke), from PIE *bhergo (source also of Ossetian barz, Old Church Slavonic breza, Russian bereza, Lithuanian beržas, Sanskrit bhurjah, all names of birch-like trees, Latin fraxinus "mountain ash"), from root *bhereg- "to shine; bright, white," in reference to the bark. Birch beer is by 1827, American English.

birch (v.)

"to flog," 1830, from the noun in the sense "bunch of birch twigs used for flogging" (1640s); see birch (n.). Related: Birched; birching.

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Definitions of birch from WordNet
1
birch (n.)
hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood;
birch (n.)
any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark;
Synonyms: birch tree
birch (n.)
a switch consisting of a twig or a bundle of twigs from a birch tree; used to hit people as punishment;
my father never spared the birch
Synonyms: birch rod
2
birch (v.)
whip with a birch twig;
3
birch (adj.)
consisting of or made of wood of the birch tree;
Synonyms: birchen / birken
From wordnet.princeton.edu