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biopsy (n.)

"examination of tissue removed from a living body," 1895, from French biopsie, coined by French dermatologist Ernest Besnier (1831-1909) from Greek bi-, combining form of bios "life" (from PIE root *gwei- "to live") + opsis "a sight" (from PIE root *okw- "to see"). As a verb, from 1964.

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Definitions of biopsy from WordNet

biopsy (n.)
examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease;
From wordnet.princeton.edu